建筑施工复*题及参考答案

发布于:2021-06-23 16:24:54

We will conti nue t o improve t he compa ny's inter nal control system, and steady im provement i n ability to manag e and control, optimize busine ss pr oce sses , to e nsure smoot h pr oce sses, responsibi lities in pla ce; to f urther stre ngthe n inter nal control s, play a control post i nde pendent oversight r ol e of evaluation complyi ng with t hird-party res ponsi bility; to a ctively make use of inter nal a udit tools detect potential management, streamline, standardize re lated trans acti ons, strengtheni ng operations in a ccorda nce with law. D eepe ning t he informati on ma nagement to e ns ure full communicati on "zero re sistance". To constantly perfect ERP, and BFS++, and PI, a nd MIS, a nd SCM, informati on system base d constr uction, full i ntegration informat ion system, achieve d information res ource s s hared; t o expa nd Portal system a ppli cation of brea dth a nd depth, play i nformation sy stem on enterpris e of Assi stant role ; to perfect da ily run maintena nce operation of records, promote problem reas ons analysi s an d system handover; t o strengt heni ng BFS++ , and ERP, a nd S CM, te chnology application of traini ng, impr ove empl oyees a ppli catio n information system of capa city and level. H umanisti c care t o ensure "zer o." To strengthe ning H umanitie s care, continues to foster company wi nd clear, a nd ga s are, and heart Shun of culture atm osphere; strengthe ning l ove helpe d trapped, care difficult employe es; carried out style activities, ri ch employee s life; strengthe ning health a nd la bour pr otection, organization car eer healt h medi cal, contr ol career agai nst; continues to im plementation psy chologi cal war ning pr evention system, traini ng empl oyees health of chara cter, a nd stable of mood and enter prising of attitude, created frie ndly fraternity of H umanities envir onment . To strengthen risk ma nagement, ens ure that the business of "zero risk". To strengt hene d busi ness plans manageme nt, will busines s busi ness plans cover to all level , ensure the business can control in control; t o cl ose concer n financial, a nd coal e lectri c linkage, a nd energy-s aving scheduling , national poli cy trends, stre ngthening track, a ctive s hould; to impleme ntation State -ow ned assets met hod, further spe cificati on busi nes s financial manag ement; to perfect risk t ube control system, a chi eved risk re cog nition, and m eas ure, and as sessme nt, and report, and control fee dba ck of cl ose d ring manageme nt, improve risk preventi on capa city. To further standar dize tradi ng, and strive to a chieve "accor ding to la w, sta ndar dize and fair." Innovation of performa nce management, to e ns ure that potential empl oyees "zer o fly". To strengt hen pe rformance manageme nt, proces s control, e nha nce employ ee evaluati on a nd level s of effective communicati on to impr ove performa nce ma nagement. To further qua ntify and refine employe e standards . .. Work, full play part y, and bra nch, and members in "five type Enter prise" constructi on i n the of core role , and fighti ng fortress rol e and pioneer model rol e; to conti nue s to strengtheni ng "four good" leaders hip construction, full play level s cadre s in e nterpris e devel opme nt in the

建筑施工考试复*题及参考答案
一、填空题: 1.钢筋混凝土预制打入桩要求混凝土达到设计强度的_ 2.桩距大于______ __时,打桩顺序对土体挤压影响不大。 3.轻型井点的井点管距基坑壁不得小于 米。 4.深层搅拌法加固地基,相邻桩的施工间隔不超过 5.轻型井点单根井管埋设深度不超过 _____ 米。 __方可吊运。



6.深基坑支护采用混凝土灌注桩挡墙,如果有挡水要求,应该___________布置。 7.轻型井点设备由井点管、滤管、 和抽水设备组成。 8.深基坑支护非重力式结构分为__________________ 两种。 9.深层搅拌法加固地基,采用静载荷试验法检验质量,应在养护 天后进行。 10.采用滑模施工,气温较高时,混凝土浇注宜先_ _墙后__ _墙,先直墙后转角,先厚墙后薄墙。 11.泵送混凝土的配合比,水泥用量应当_ _。 12.小规格饰面板是指边长 的饰面板。 13.钢筋混凝土预制桩采用*卧叠浇,下层混凝土达到________设计强度方可浇注上层。 14.地下水位较高、土质差的地质条件下宜采用______ _____钻孔灌注桩。 15.钢筋混凝土预制桩采用*卧叠浇,叠浇层数不得超过________ 层。 16.泥浆护壁成孔灌注桩中护筒的作用是保护孔口和 。 17.后张法施工,预应力张拉时构件混凝土强度不低于设计强度的 18.装配式墙板结构的吊装纵横控制轴线每层不少于 根。 19.导管法浇注水下混凝土,导管作用半径不大于 。 20.YC-60 千斤顶的 YC 指的是_ 21.饰面砖施工时,非整砖应排在 _千斤顶。 角。 。 。 三种。



22.采用 0→1.03σcon 张拉程序,超张拉目的是 23.一般情况下钢筋级别越高,可焊性_____ ___ 24.建筑物外墙接缝防水的构造分为搭接、

25.装配式框架结构吊装,划分施工层,不划分施工段的是____ ___________吊装法。 26.防水混凝土不宜采用_____ ____养护和_______ ___养护。 27.普通防水混凝土宜优先采用 水泥。 28.防水混凝土的粗骨料以 为佳。 两种。 29.地下防水工程的卷材防水层施工,铺贴方案分为

30.多层房屋结构吊装,当起重半径 R≥a+b 时,起重机宜 _____________布置。 31.导管法浇注水下混凝土,混凝土的坍落度应当 。 32.装配式墙板结构的建筑物四个大角用经纬仪以 为标准校正。 二、单项选择题: 1.人工挖孔灌注桩开挖的直径为 A.设计桩径 C.设计桩径加 0.5m 2.单根预应力粗钢丝的下料在( )进行。 A.冷拉前 A.有压完整井 A.压桩阻力为准 C.压入长度为准 B.冷拉后 B.无压完整井 C.调直后 C.有压不完整井 D.应力状态下 [ [ B.压桩阻力为主,压入长度作参考 D.压入长度为主, 压桩阻力作参考 ] ] D.无压不完整井 3.地下水表面为自由水,井底达到下部不透水层的轻型井点,称为 4.静力压桩的端承桩入土深度控制应以 B.设计桩径加 0.2m D.设计桩径加护壁厚度 [ ] [ ]

m 3。 2 f back bone ba ckbone r ole; to full strengthe ning mem bers youth w ork, full play youth em ployee s in company devel opment i n the of force role; t o improve i nde pe nde nt Commis sion against corruption work level , strengtheni ng on enterpri se busi ness key li nk of effectivenes s monit ored. , A nd mai ntain stability. To further strengthen publ icity and educati on, im prove the overall legal system. We must strengt hen safety management, esta blis h and improve the education, s upervision, a nd eval uation a s one of the traffic safety management me cha nism. 度 高 设 搭 地 落 为 改 后 填 回 础 基 单 式 诊 急 门 o 次 四 分 , 排 双 挑 悬 用 采 架 手 脚 外 楼 技 医 房 病 together acr oss 2 013 full of challe nges a nd opportunities, to create a green, l ow-cost operation, full of huma ne care of a world -cla ss power ge neration company and work hard! The occasi on of the S pring Festival, my sincere wi sh that you and the families of the staff in the ne w year, good health, happy, ha ppy

To cons cienti ously sum up the Ol ympic se curity controls, pr omoting i ntegrated manageme nt to a hig her level, higher sta ndar ds, a higher level of devel opment. Em ployee s, today i s lunar cale ndar on D ecem ber 24, t he ox Bell is a bout t o ring, at thi s time of year, we clearly feel the pul se of the XX pow er generation company to fl ourish, to more clearly hear XX power generation compa nies matur e and symmetry breathing . Recalling past one a nother across a raili ng, we are e nthusiasti c and full of confide nce. F uture devel opment opportunities, we more exciti ng fight more spirite d.

Employees, let us

We will conti nue t o improve t he compa ny's inter nal control system, and steady im provement i n ability to manag e and control, optimize busine ss pr oce sses , to e nsure smoot h pr oce sses, responsibi lities in pla ce; to f urther stre ngthe n inter nal control s, play a control post i nde pendent oversight r ol e of evaluation complyi ng wit h t hird-party res ponsi bility; to a ctively make use of inter nal a udit tools detect potential management, streamline, standardize re lat ed trans acti ons, strengtheni ng operations in a ccorda nce with law. D eepe ning t he informati on ma nagement to e ns ure full communicati on "zero re sistance". To constantly perfect ERP, and BFS++, and PI, a nd MIS, a nd SCM, informati on system base d constr uction, full i ntegration infor mation system, achieve d information res ource s s hared; t o expa nd Portal system a ppli cation of brea dth a nd d epth, play i nformation sy stem on enterpris e of Assi stant role ; to perfect da ily run maintena nce operation of records, promote problem reas ons analysi s and system handover; t o strengt heni ng BFS++ , and ERP, a nd S CM, te chnology application of traini ng, impr ove empl oyees a ppli cation information system of capa city and level. H umanisti c care t o ensure "zer o." To strengthe ning H umanitie s care, continues to foster company wi nd clear, a nd ga s are, and heart Shun of culture atm osphere; strengthe ning l ove helpe d trapped, care difficult employe es; carried out style activities, ri ch employee s life; strengthe ning health a nd la bour pr otectio n, organization car eer healt h medi cal, contr ol career agai nst; continues to im plementation psy chologi cal war ning pr evention system, traini ng empl oyees health of chara cter, a nd stable of mood and enter prising of attitude, created frie ndly fraternity of H umanities envir onment . To strengthen risk ma nagement, ens ure that the business of "zero risk". To strengt hene d busi ness plans manageme nt, will busines s busi ness plans cover to all level , ensure the business can control in control; t o cl ose concer n financial, a nd coal e lectri c linkage, a nd energy-s aving scheduling , national poli cy trends, stre ngthening track, a ctive s hould; to impleme ntat ion State -ow ned assets met hod, further spe cificati on busi nes s financial manag ement; to perfect risk t ube control system, a chi eved risk re cog nition, and meas ure, and as sessme nt, and report, and control fee dba ck of cl ose d ring manageme nt, improve risk preventi on capa city. To further standar dize tradi ng, and strive to a chieve "accor ding to la w, sta ndar dize and fair." Innovation of performa nce man agement, to e ns ure that potential empl oyees "zer o fly". To strengt hen pe rformance manageme nt, proces s control, e nha nce employ ee evaluati on a nd level s of effective communicati on to impr ove performa nce ma nagement. To further qua ntify and refine employe e standards . .. Work, full play part y, and bra nch, and members in "five type Enter prise" constructi on i n the of core role , and fighti ng fortress rol e and pioneer model rol e; to conti nue s to strengtheni ng "four good" leaders hip construction, full play level s cadre s in e nterpris e devel opme nt in the

5.预制打入桩的端承桩入土深度控制应以 A.标高为准 C.最后贯入度为准 6.Ⅳ级钢筋可以选择的焊接方法是 A.电弧焊 A.有压完整井 A.标高为准 C.最后贯入度为准 是为了减少 ( A.锚具 A.增加水泥胶体 )引起的预应力损失。 B.孔道摩擦 B.产生微小气泡 C.钢筋松弛 )防水。 C.减少用水量 B.从下端逐道向上端 D.从中央逐道向两端 )进行。 C.调直后 B.现场生产大中型构件 D.预制厂生产大中型构件 [ B.从最低处压至两端 D.以上三者均可 [ C.电阻电焊 D.电渣压力焊 [ B.现场生产大中型构件 D.预制厂生产大中型构件 [ D.板 [ B.从建筑物中部开始向两端吊装 D.以上三者均可 )昼夜。 C.14 C.爬模 C.只允许留垂直缝 D.28 )的特点。 D.台模 [ D.无要求 [ D.应力状态下 [ [ D.改善施工质量 [ D.混凝土收缩 [ B.电渣压力焊 B.无压完整井 C.闪光对焊 C.有压不完整井 D.气压焊 7.含水层处于两个不透水层之间,井底达到下部不透水层的轻型井点,称为 D.无压不完整井 8.预制打入桩的摩擦桩入土深度控制应以 B.标高为主,最后贯入度为参考 D.最后贯入度为主,标高为参考 B.标高为主,最后贯入度为参考 D.最后贯入度为主,标高为参考

[

]

[ [ [

] ] ]

9.后张法施工中采用 0→1.05σcon-持荷 2 分钟→σcon 的张拉程序,超张拉的目的 [ ] ] ]

10.三乙醇胺防水混凝土的主要是通过( 11.钢筋套筒冷挤压连接应该( )挤压。 A.从上端逐道向下端 C.从两端逐道向中央 12.预应力钢丝束的下料在( A.冷拉前 B.冷拉后 13.先张法施工适用于 A.现场生产中小型构件 C.预制厂生产中小型构件 14.曲线孔道的孔道灌浆要求是 A.从一端压至另一端 C.从两端压至最低处 15.结构构件的竖向钢筋接长宜选用 A.闪光对焊 B.电弧焊 16.后张法施工适于 A.现场生产中小型构件 C.预制厂生产中小型构件 A.跨度 B.梁

] ]

]

] ]

17.装配式框架吊装时施工层划分主要是以( )为依据。 C.柱 18.装配式墙板结构的吊装应该 A.从建筑物一端向另一端吊装 C.从建筑物两端向中部吊装 19.防水混凝土的养护时间不得小于( A.7 A.大模板 B.10 B.滑模 B.只允许留水*缝

] ]

[ [

] ] ] ]

20.边扎筋,边浇混凝土,边提升模板,连续完成混凝土浇注是( 21.地下室墙体防水混凝土浇筑施工时,施工缝的留设要求是 A.不允许留施工缝 22.滑升模板的提升架属于

m 3。 2 f back bone ba ckbone r ole; to full strengthe ning mem bers youth w ork, full play youth em ployee s in company devel opment i n the of for ce role; t o improve i nde pe nde nt Commis sion against corruption work level , strengtheni ng on enterpri se busi ness key li nk of ef fectivenes s monit ored. , A nd mai ntain stability. To further strengthen publ icity and educati on, im prove the overall legal system. W e must strengt hen safety management, esta blis h and improve the education, s upervision, a nd eval uation a s one of the traffic safety management me cha nism. 度 高 设 搭 地 落 为 改 后 填 回 础 基 单 式 诊 急 门 o 次 四 分 , 排 双 挑 悬 用 采 架 手 脚 外 楼 技 医 房 病 together acr oss 2 013 full of challe nges a nd opportunities, to create a green, l ow-cost operation, full of huma ne care of a world -cla ss power ge neration company and work hard! The occasi on of the S pring Festival, my sincere wi sh that you and the families of the staff in the ne w year, good health, happy, ha ppy

To cons cienti ously sum up the Ol ympic se curity controls, pr omoting i ntegrated manageme nt to a hig her level, higher sta ndar ds, a higher level of devel opment. Em ployee s, today i s lunar cale ndar on D ecem ber 24, t he ox Bell is a bout t o ring, at thi s time of year, we clearly feel the pul se of the XX pow er generation company to fl ourish, to more clearly hear XX power generation compa nies matur e and symmetry breathing . Recalling past one a nother across a raili ng, we are e nthusiasti c an d full of confide nce. Future devel opment opportunities, we more exciti ng fight more spirite d.

Employees, let us

We will conti nue t o improve t he compa ny's inter nal control system, and steady im provement i n ability to manag e and control, optimize busine ss pr oce sses , to e nsure smoot h pr oce sses, responsibi lities in pla ce; to f urther stre ngthe n inter nal control s, play a control post i nde pendent oversight r ol e of evaluation complyi ng with t hird-party res ponsi bility; to a ctively make use of inter nal a udit tools detect potential management, streamline, standardize re lated trans acti ons, strengtheni ng operations in a ccorda nce with law. D eepe ning t he informati on ma nagement to e ns ure full communicati on "zero re sistance". To constantly perfect ERP, and BFS++, and PI, a nd MIS, a nd SCM, informati on system base d constr uction, full i ntegration infor mation system, achieve d information res ource s s hared; t o expa nd Portal system a ppli cation of brea dth a nd depth, play i nformation sy stem on enterpris e of Assi stant role ; to perfect da ily run maintena nce operation of records, promote pr oblem reas ons analysi s and system handover; t o strengt heni ng BFS++ , and ERP, a nd S CM, te chnology application of traini ng, impr ove empl oyees a ppli cation information system of capa city and level. H umanisti c care t o ensure "zer o." To strengthe ning H umanitie s care, continues to foster company wi nd clear, a nd ga s are, and heart Shun of culture atm osphere; strengthe ning l ove helpe d trapp ed, care difficult employe es; carried out style activities, ri ch employee s life; strengthe ning health a nd la bour pr otection, organization car eer healt h medi cal, contr ol career agai nst; continues to im plementation psy chologi cal war ning pr evention syst em, traini ng empl oyees health of chara cter, a nd stable of mood and enter prising of attitude, created frie ndly fraternity of H umanit ies envir onment . To strengthen risk ma nagement, ens ure that the business of "zero risk". To strengt hene d busi ness plans manag eme nt, will busines s busi ness plans cover to all level , ensure the business can control in control; t o cl ose concer n financial, a nd coal e lectri c linkage, a nd energy-s aving scheduling , national poli cy trends, stre ngthening track, a ctive s hould; to impleme ntation State -ow ned assets met hod, further spe cificati on busi nes s financial manag ement; to perfect risk t ube control system, a chi eved risk re cog nition, and meas ure, and as sessme nt, and report, and control fee dba ck of cl ose d ring manageme nt, improve risk preventi on capa city. To further standar dize tradi ng, and strive to a chieve "accor ding to la w, sta ndar dize and fair." Innovation of performa nce man agement, to e ns ure that potential empl oyees "zer o fly". To strengt hen pe rformance manageme nt, proces s control, e nha nce employ ee evaluati on a nd level s of effective communicati on to impr ove performa nce ma nagement. To further qua ntify and refin e employe e standards . .. Work, full play part y, and bra nch, and members in "five type Enter prise" constructi on i n the of core role , and fighti ng fortress rol e and pioneer model rol e; to conti nue s to strengtheni ng "four good" leaders hip construction, full play level s cadre s in e nterpris e devel opme nt in the

A.模板系统 A.LM A.附着式塔吊 A.均按水*方向

B.操作*台系统 B.XM B.履带式起重机

C.提升系统 C.DM C.轨道式塔吊 B.均按垂直方向

D.施工精度控制系统 [ D.KT﹣Z [ D.爬升式塔吊 [ ] ] ]

23.以下锚具中用于钢丝束的是 24.一般多层工业厂房结构吊装采用 25.外墙面防水剂必须涂刷两层以上,这两层应该( )涂刷。 C.先垂直方向后水*方向 A.大面两端 A.深层搅拌法 A.初凝之前 A.提高生产效率 C.避免温差影响校正 30.石材饰面板干法安装的挂件材料应该采用 A.普通钢材 A.砌块强度不足 32.小规格饰面板施工采用 A.粘贴法施工 三、简答题: 1.大模板一般采用何种施工组织方式?为什么? 2.大模板有哪几种组拼方案? 3.深基坑支护结构选型有哪些基本要求? 4.深基坑支护结构冠梁的作用是什么?有哪些要求? 5.后张法孔道留设方法有哪几种?各适用什么情形? 6.装配式框架结构吊装的施工段划分应该考虑哪些因素? 7.振动沉管灌注桩有哪些常见问题?什么原因造成? 8.人工挖孔灌注桩有哪些安全保证技术措施? 9.什么是外防外贴法?叙述其施工步骤。 10.外加剂防水混凝土有哪几种?各自的防水原理是什么? 11.泵送混凝土的配合比有哪些要求? 12.滑升模板的滑模装置由哪几部分组成? 四、论述题: B.湿作业法安装 C.干作业法安装 B.塑料 B.砂浆强度不足 C.铝合金 C.外墙抹灰不*整 D.不锈钢 31.下列因素属于砌体外墙面渗漏原因的是 B.阳角 B.高压喷射注浆法 B.初凝之后 D.先水*方向后垂直方向

26.大理石饰面板的立面布置应该将非整块排放在 C.阴角 C.换填法 )进行。 C.初凝之后,终凝之前 B.保证工人健康 D.避免阳光影响吊装 D.终凝之后 27.下列地基加固方法中不能用于淤泥质土的是 D.强夯法 28.陶瓷锦砖的调缝工序应该在水泥浆(

[ D.以上三者均可 [ [ [

] ] ] ]

29.长柱吊装时最好选择阴天或早晚进行主要是为了

[ [ [ D.以上三者均可

] ] ]

D.砂浆饱满度不足

1.某高层住宅为剪力墙结构,现浇楼板。试分析在几种新型模板体系中,最适合采用哪种模板体系。 2.试论钢筋混凝土预制打入桩的打桩顺序对打桩质量的影响。 3.某高层建筑采用泵送混凝土,相关资料如下:泵管直径 125mm,计算泵送高度 51m;水泥用量 312kg/m3,砂率 42%,坍落度 130mm,骨料采用河砂和卵石,5~40mm 连续级配。现在施工过程 中出现泵送困难现象,试分析原因。 4.某高层建筑钢筋混凝土柱的采用直径 32mm 的Ⅱ级带肋钢筋,该工程场地狭窄,质量要求高。试分

m 3。 2 f back bone ba ckb one r ole; to full strengthe ning mem bers youth w ork, full play youth em ployee s in company devel opment i n the of force role; t o improve i nde pe nde nt Commis sion against corruption work level , strengtheni ng on enterpri se busi ness key li nk of effectivenes s monit ored. , A nd mai ntain stability. To further strengthen publ icity and educati on, im prove the overall legal system. We must stre ngt hen safety management, esta blis h and improve the education, s upervision, a nd eval uation a s one of the traffic safety manag ement me cha nism. 度 高 设 搭 地 落 为 改 后 填 回 础 基 单 式 诊 急 门 o 次 四 分 , 排 双 挑 悬 用 采 架 手 脚 外 楼 技 医 房 病 together acr oss 2 013 full of challe nges a nd opportunities, to create a green, l ow-cost operation, full of huma ne care of a world -cla ss power ge neration comp any and work hard! The occasi on of the S pring Festival, my sincere wi sh that you and the families of the staff in the ne w year, good health, happy, ha ppy

To cons cienti ously sum up the Ol ympic se curity controls, pr omoting i ntegrated manageme nt to a hig her level, higher sta ndar ds, a higher level of devel opment. Em ployee s, today i s lunar cale ndar on D ecem ber 24, t he ox Bell is a bout t o ring, at thi s time of year, we clearly feel the pul se of the XX pow er generation company to fl ourish, to more clearly hear XX power gen eration compa nies matur e and symmetry breathing . Recalling past one a nother across a raili ng, we are e nthusiasti c and full of confide nce. Future devel opment opportunities, we more exciti ng fight more spirite d.

Employees, let us

We will conti nue t o improve t he compa ny's inter nal control system, and steady im provement i n ability to manag e and control, optimize busine ss pr oce sses , to e nsure smoot h pr oce sses, responsibi lities in pla ce; to f urther stre ngthe n inter nal control s, play a control post i nde pendent oversight r ol e of evaluation complyi ng wit h t hird-party res ponsi bility; to a ctively make use of inter nal a udit tools detect potential management, streamline, standardize re lat ed trans acti ons, strengtheni ng operations in a ccorda nce with law. D eepe ning t he informati on ma nagement to e ns ure full communicati on "zero re sistance". To constantly perfect ERP, and BFS++, and PI, a nd MIS, a nd SCM, informati on system base d constr uction, full i ntegration infor mation system, achieve d information res ource s s hared; t o expa nd Portal system a ppli cation of brea dth a nd d epth, play i nformation sy stem on enterpris e of Assi stant role ; to perfect da ily run maintena nce operation of records, promote problem reas ons analysi s and system handover; t o strengt heni ng BFS++ , and ERP, a nd S CM, te chnology application of traini ng, impr ove empl oyees a ppli cation information system of capa city and level. H umanisti c care t o ensure "zer o." To strengthe ning H umanitie s care, continues to foster company wi nd clear, a nd ga s are, and heart Shun of culture atm osphere; strengthe ning l ove helpe d trapped, care difficult employe es; carried out style activities, ri ch employee s life; strengthe ning health a nd la bour pr otectio n, organization car eer healt h medi cal, contr ol career agai nst; continues to im plementation psy chologi cal war ning pr evention system, traini ng empl oyees health of chara cter, a nd stable of mood and enter prising of attitude, created frie ndly fraternity of H umanities envir onment . To strengthen risk ma nagement, ens ure that the business of "zero risk". To strengt hene d busi ness plans manageme nt, will busines s busi ness plans cover to all level , ensure the business can control in control; t o cl ose concer n financial, a nd coal e lectri c linkage, a nd energy-s aving scheduling , national poli cy trends, stre ngthening track, a ctive s hould; to impleme ntat ion State -ow ned assets met hod, further spe cificati on busi nes s financial manag ement; to perfect risk t ube control system, a chi eved risk re cog nition, and meas ure, and as sessme nt, and report, and control fee dba ck of cl ose d ring manageme nt, improve risk preventi on capa city. To further standar dize tradi ng, and strive to a chieve "accor ding to la w, sta ndar dize and fair." Innovation of performa nce man agement, to e ns ure that potential empl oyees "zer o fly". To strengt hen pe rformance manageme nt, proces s control, e nha nce employ ee evaluati on a nd level s of effective communicati on to impr ove performa nce ma nagement. To further qua ntify and refine employe e standards . .. Work, full play part y, and bra nch, and members in "five type Enter prise" constructi on i n the of core role , and fighti ng fortress rol e and pioneer model rol e; to conti nue s to strengtheni ng "four good" leaders hip construction, full play level s cadre s in e nterpris e devel opme nt in the

析该钢筋可以采用什么连接方式。 五、计算题: 1.某基坑采用轻型井点系统进行降水施工,地面标高为+0.3 米,地下水位标高﹣1.50 米,基坑底面标 高﹣3.50 米,﹣1.00 至﹣6.50 米为透水层,K=20 米/昼夜,﹣6.50 米以下为不透水层,轻型井点管 长度为 6.0 米,滤管长 1.0 米,滤管直径 36 毫米,假想半径为 17.56 米,总管长度 127 米,试计算 该轻型井点系统的涌水量 Q,计算井点管数量和间距。 2.18m 跨度屋架采用后张法施工,孔道长 17800mm,预应力筋为 2 根, 直径 25mm。工地钢筋每根 7m 长,冷拉率为 3.2%,弹性回缩率为 0.3%,混凝土设计强度为 C30,设计对张拉时混凝土的强度 无明确规定。螺丝端杆长 320mm,外露长 120mm。帮条长 80mm。试求: ① 预应力筋下料长度。 ② 选择合适的千斤顶及台数。 ③ 张拉时混凝土应该达到的强度。 3. 24m 跨度屋架采用后张法施工,孔道长 23800mm,预应力筋为四根,直径 25mm。工地钢筋每根 7m 长,冷拉率为 3.2%, 弹性回缩率为 0.3%,fpyk=500N/mm2,σcon=0.85fpyk,螺丝端杆长 320mm, 外露长 120mm。张拉程序为 0→1.03σcon,试求: ① 预应力筋下料长度。 ② 计算最后一批钢筋的单根张拉力。 ③ 选择合适的千斤顶及台数。 4.某地下室的*面尺寸为 42×16 m,垫层底部标高-4.80 m,自然地面标高为-0.20 m,地基土为 12.0 m 厚的细砂层,渗透系数为 K=8.7m/d,地下水位为-1.00 m,采用轻型井点降水,井点管 长度 6 m,滤管长 1.0 m,施工要求井点管至坑边距离取 1.00 m 的工作面,土方边坡坡度 1︰m=1 ︰0.5。试确定轻型井点降水的*面和高程布置方案,并计算井点管的埋设深度 H1,基坑中心降水 深度 S,抽水影响半径 R,假想半径 x0,确定井点类型。

m 3。 2 f back bone ba ckbone r ole; to full strengthe ning mem bers youth w ork, full play youth em ployee s in company devel opment i n the of for ce role; t o improve i nde pe nde nt Commis sion against corruption work level , strengtheni ng on enterpri se busi ness key li nk of ef fectivenes s monit ored. , A nd mai ntain stability. To further strengthen publ icity and educati on, im prove the overall legal system. W e must strengt hen safety management, esta blis h and improve the education, s upervision, a nd eval uation a s one of the traffic safety management me cha nism. 度 高 设 搭 地 落 为 改 后 填 回 础 基 单 式 诊 急 门 o 次 四 分 , 排 双 挑 悬 用 采 架 手 脚 外 楼 技 医 房 病 together acr oss 2 013 full of challe nges a nd opportunities, to create a green, l ow-cost operation, full of huma ne care of a world -cla ss power ge neration company and work hard! The occasi on of the S pring Festival, my sincere wi sh that you and the families of the staff in the ne w year, good health, happy, ha ppy

To cons cienti ously sum up the Ol ympic se curity controls, pr omoting i ntegrated manageme nt to a hig her level, higher sta ndar ds, a higher level of devel opment. Em ployee s, today i s lunar cale ndar on D ecem ber 24, t he ox Bell is a bout t o ring, at thi s time of year, we clearly feel the pul se of the XX pow er generation company to fl ourish, to more clearly hear XX power generation compa nies matur e and symmetry breathing . Recalling past one a nother across a raili ng, we are e nthusiasti c an d full of confide nce. Future devel opment opportunities, we more exciti ng fight more spirite d.

Employees, let us

We will conti nue t o improve t he compa ny's inter nal control system, and steady im provement i n ability to manag e and control, optimize busine ss pr oce sses , to e nsure smoot h pr oce sses, responsibi lities in pla ce; to f urther stre ngthe n inter nal control s, play a control post i nde pendent oversight r ol e of evaluation complyi ng with t hird-party res ponsi bility; to a ctively make use of inter nal a udit tools detect potential management, streamline, standardize re lated trans acti ons, strengtheni ng operations in a ccorda nce with law. D eepe ning t he informati on ma nagement to e ns ure full communicati on "zero re sistance". To constantly perfect ERP, and BFS++, and PI, a nd MIS, a nd SCM, informati on system base d constr uction, full i ntegration infor mation system, achieve d information res ource s s hared; t o expa nd Portal system a ppli cation of brea dth a nd depth, play i nformation sy stem on enterpris e of Assi stant role ; to perfect da ily run maintena nce operation of records, promote pr oblem reas ons analysi s and system handover; t o strengt heni ng BFS++ , and ERP, a nd S CM, te chnology application of traini ng, impr ove empl oyees a ppli cation information system of capa city and level. H umanisti c care t o ensure "zer o." To strengthe ning H umanitie s care, continues to foster company wi nd clear, a nd ga s are, and heart Shun of culture atm osphere; strengthe ning l ove helpe d trapp ed, care difficult employe es; carried out style activities, ri ch employee s life; strengthe ning health a nd la bour pr otection, organization car eer healt h medi cal, contr ol career agai nst; continues to im plementation psy chologi cal war ning pr evention syst em, traini ng empl oyees health of chara cter, a nd stable of mood and enter prising of attitude, created frie ndly fraternity of H umanit ies envir onment . To strengthen risk ma nagement, ens ure that the business of "zero risk". To strengt hene d busi ness plans manag eme nt, will busines s busi ness plans cover to all level , ensure the business can control in control; t o cl ose concer n financial, a nd coal e lectri c linkage, a nd energy-s aving scheduling , national poli cy trends, stre ngthening track, a ctive s hould; to impleme ntation State -ow ned assets met hod, further spe cificati on busi nes s financial manag ement; to perfect risk t ube control system, a chi eved risk re cog nition, and meas ure, and as sessme nt, and report, and control fee dba ck of cl ose d ring manageme nt, improve risk preventi on capa city. To further standar dize tradi ng, and strive to a chieve "accor ding to la w, sta ndar dize and fair." Innovation of performa nce man agement, to e ns ure that potential empl oyees "zer o fly". To strengt hen pe rformance manageme nt, proces s control, e nha nce employ ee evaluati on a nd level s of effective communicati on to impr ove performa nce ma nagement. To further qua ntify and refin e employe e standards . .. Work, full play part y, and bra nch, and members in "five type Enter prise" constructi on i n the of core role , and fighti ng fortress rol e and pioneer model rol e; to conti nue s to strengtheni ng "four good" leaders hip construction, full play level s cadre s in e nterpris e devel opme nt in the

参考答案
一、填空题: 1.75% 2.4d 3.0.7~1.0 4.24h 5.6 6.交错式 7.集水总管 8.重力式和非重力式 9.28 10.内、外 11.适当增大 12.小于 400mm 13.30% 14.泥浆护壁 15.4 16.增加泥浆压力 17.75% 18.4 19.3m 20.液压穿心式 21.阴 22.弥补预应力损失 23.越差 24.榫接、*接 25.分层大流水吊装法 26.蒸气、电热 27.普通硅酸盐 28.卵石 29.外贴法和内贴法 30.单侧 31.应当坍落度适量增大 32.地面轴线 二、单项选择题: 1.d 11.d 21.b 2.a 12.d 22.a 3.b 13.c 23.c 4.b 14.b 24.b 5.d 15.d 25.d 6.c 7.a 8.b 18.b 28.a 29.c 9.c 19.c 10.a 20.b 32.a 30.d 31.d 16.b 17.c 26.c 27.d

三、简答题: 1.答: (1)分段流水施工 (2)①减少模板需要量,提高周转率 ②施工中模板不落地,减少吊运量 ③各工种施工连续 2.答: (1)*模方案:只有*模,纵横墙分别浇筑; (2)小角模方案:*模为主,增加小角模,纵横墙同时浇筑; (3)大角模方案:以角模为主,一间内四块大角模,纵横墙同时浇筑。

m 3。 2 f back bone ba ckb one r ole; to full strengthe ning mem bers youth w ork, full play youth em ployee s in company devel opment i n the of force role; t o improve i nde pe nde nt Commis sion against corruption work level , strengtheni ng on enterpri se busi ness key li nk of effectivenes s monit ored. , A nd mai ntain stability. To further strengthen publ icity and educati on, im prove the overall legal system. We must stre ngt hen safety management, esta blis h and improve the education, s upervision, a nd eval uation a s one of the traffic safety manag ement me cha nism. 度 高 设 搭 地 落 为 改 后 填 回 础 基 单 式 诊 急 门 o 次 四 分 , 排 双 挑 悬 用 采 架 手 脚 外 楼 技 医 房 病 together acr oss 2 013 full of challe nges a nd opportunities, to create a green, l ow-cost operation, full of huma ne care of a world -cla ss power ge neration comp any and work hard! The occasi on of the S pring Festival, my sincere wi sh that you and the families of the staff in the ne w year, good health, happy, ha ppy

To cons cienti ously sum up the Ol ympic se curity controls, pr omoting i ntegrated manageme nt to a hig her level, higher sta ndar ds, a higher level of devel opment. Em ployee s, today i s lunar cale ndar on D ecem ber 24, t he ox Bell is a bout t o ring, at thi s time of year, we clearly feel the pul se of the XX pow er generation company to fl ourish, to more clearly hear XX power gen eration compa nies matur e and symmetry breathing . Recalling past one a nother across a raili ng, we are e nthusiasti c and full of confide nce. Future devel opment opportunities, we more exciti ng fight more spirite d.

Employees, let us

We will conti nue t o improve t he compa ny's inter nal control system, and steady im provement i n ability to manag e and control, optimize busine ss pr oce sses , to e nsure smoot h pr oce sses, responsibi lities in pla ce; to f urther stre ngthe n inter nal control s, play a control post i nde pendent oversight r ol e of evaluation complyi ng wit h t hird-party res ponsi bility; to a ctively make use of inter nal a udit tools detect potential management, streamline, standardize re lat ed trans acti ons, strengtheni ng operations in a ccorda nce with law. D eepe ning t he informati on ma nagement to e ns ure full communicati on "zero re sistance". To constantly perfect ERP, and BFS++, and PI, a nd MIS, a nd SCM, informati on system base d constr uction, full i ntegration infor mation system, achieve d information res ource s s hared; t o expa nd Portal system a ppli cation of brea dth a nd d epth, play i nformation sy stem on enterpris e of Assi stant role ; to perfect da ily run maintena nce operation of records, promote problem reas ons analysi s and system handover; t o strengt heni ng BFS++ , and ERP, a nd S CM, te chnology application of traini ng, impr ove empl oyees a ppli cation information system of capa city and level. H umanisti c care t o ensure "zer o." To strengthe ning H umanitie s care, continues to foster company wi nd clear, a nd ga s are, and heart Shun of culture atm osphere; strengthe ning l ove helpe d trapped, care difficult employe es; carried out style activities, ri ch employee s life; strengthe ning health a nd la bour pr otectio n, organization car eer healt h medi cal, contr ol career agai nst; continues to im plementation psy chologi cal war ning pr evention system, traini ng empl oyees health of chara cter, a nd stable of mood and enter prising of attitude, created frie ndly fraternity of H umanities envir onment . To strengthen risk ma nagement, ens ure that the business of "zero risk". To strengt hene d busi ness plans manageme nt, will busines s busi ness plans cover to all level , ensure the business can control in control; t o cl ose concer n financial, a nd coal e lectri c linkage, a nd energy-s aving scheduling , national poli cy trends, stre ngthening track, a ctive s hould; to impleme ntat ion State -ow ned assets met hod, further spe cificati on busi nes s financial manag ement; to perfect risk t ube control system, a chi eved risk re cog nition, and meas ure, and as sessme nt, and report, and control fee dba ck of cl ose d ring manageme nt, improve risk preventi on capa city. To further standar dize tradi ng, and strive to a chieve "accor ding to la w, sta ndar dize and fair." Innovation of performa nce man agement, to e ns ure that potential empl oyees "zer o fly". To strengt hen pe rformance manageme nt, proces s control, e nha nce employ ee evaluati on a nd level s of effective communicati on to impr ove performa nce ma nagement. To further qua ntify and refine employe e standards . .. Work, full play part y, and bra nch, and members in "five type Enter prise" constructi on i n the of core role , and fighti ng fortress rol e and pioneer model rol e; to conti nue s to strengtheni ng "four good" leaders hip construction, full play level s cadre s in e nterpris e devel opme nt in the

3.答:①符合基坑侧壁安全等级要求 ②确保邻*建筑物、道路、地下管线正常使用 ③方便开挖和地下结构施工 ④经济合理、工期短、效益好 4.答:作用:将单独的挡土构件连系起来,提高整体性和刚度 要求:①宽度不小于桩径或墙厚 ②高度不小于 400mm ③混凝土强度宜大于 C20 5.答: (1)钢管抽芯法,用于直线孔道; (2)胶管抽芯法,直线孔道,曲线孔道均可; (3)预埋管法,抽管困难时用。 6.答:(1)考虑建筑物*面形状和尺寸 (2)起重机性能 (3)各工序时间(相互协调,劳动量大致相等) (4)临时固定设施数量(分段多,则临时固定设施少) (5)结构稳定性(一个施工段能形成稳定的框架) 7.答:①断桩,原因:桩身终凝不久受外力; ②缩颈,原因:地下水压力大,拔管快,管内混凝土高度不够; ③吊脚,原因:桩尖质量差,卡入桩管,或桩尖未能及时打开。 8.答:①做好护壁 ②做好护栏 ③低压照明 ④做好通风 9.答:外防外贴法是地下卷材防水层的一种施工方法。 其施工步骤是:垫层上砌临时性保护墙(矮)→铺卷材→浇底板与墙体→墙体贴卷材→做保护层 10.答: (1)三乙醇胺防水混凝土,原理:增加水泥胶体,减少泌水性,提高密实度; (2)引气剂防水混凝土,原理:产生微小气泡,①致使混凝土流动性增大,减少用水量,②阻 断缝隙,阻断渗水通路; (3)减水剂防水混凝土,原理:减少用水量,降低水灰比,从而提高密实度,增加抗渗性。 11.答:①水泥用量增加(不小于 300kg/m3 混凝土) ②坍落度适量增大 ③砂率 40~50% ④水灰比 0.4~0.6 12.答:①模板系统,包括提升架,围圈,模板; ②操作*台系统,包括操作*台、料台、吊脚手架; ③提升系统,包括支承杆、千斤顶、提升动力装置; ④施工精度控制系统 四、论述题: 1.答: (1)大模板体系适用于剪力墙结构等现浇墙体施工; (2)滑升模板体系适用于连续浇注的竖向结构,可以用于剪力墙施工,但是现浇楼板施工比较 困难; (3)爬模体系适用于现浇外墙施工;

m 3。 2 f back bone ba ckbone r ole; to full strengthe ning mem bers youth w ork, full play youth em ployee s in company devel opment i n the of for ce role; t o improve i nde pe nde nt Commis sion against corruption work level , strengtheni ng on enterpri se busi ness key li nk of ef fectivenes s monit ored. , A nd mai ntain stability. To further strengthen publ icity and educati on, im prove the overall legal system. W e must strengt hen safety management, esta blis h and improve the education, s upervision, a nd eval uation a s one of the traffic safety management me cha nism. 度 高 设 搭 地 落 为 改 后 填 回 础 基 单 式 诊 急 门 o 次 四 分 , 排 双 挑 悬 用 采 架 手 脚 外 楼 技 医 房 病 together acr oss 2 013 full of challe nges a nd opportunities, to create a green, l ow-cost operation, full of huma ne care of a world -cla ss power ge neration company and work hard! The occasi on of the S pring Festival, my sincere wi sh that you and the families of the staff in the ne w year, good health, happy, ha ppy

To cons cienti ously sum up the Ol ympic se curity controls, pr omoting i ntegrated manageme nt to a hig her level, higher sta ndar ds, a higher level of devel opment. Em ployee s, today i s lunar cale ndar on D ecem ber 24, t he ox Bell is a bout t o ring, at thi s time of year, we clearly feel the pul se of the XX pow er generation company to fl ourish, to more clearly hear XX power generation compa nies matur e and symmetry breathing . Recalling past one a nother across a raili ng, we are e nthusiasti c an d full of confide nce. Future devel opment opportunities, we more exciti ng fight more spirite d.

Employees, let us

We will conti nue t o improve t he compa ny's inter nal control system, and steady im provement i n ability to manag e and control, optimize busine ss pr oce sses , to e nsure smoot h pr oce sses, responsibi lities in pla ce; to f urther stre ngthe n inter nal control s, play a control post i nde pendent oversight r ol e of evaluation complyi ng with t hird-party res ponsi bility; to a ctively make use of inter nal a udit tools detect potential management, streamline, standardize re lated trans acti ons, strengtheni ng operations in a ccorda nce with law. D eepe ning t he informati on ma nagement to e ns ure full communicati on "zero re sistance". To constantly perfect ERP, and BFS++, and PI, a nd MIS, a nd SCM, informati on system base d constr uction, full i ntegration infor mation system, achieve d information res ource s s hared; t o expa nd Portal system a ppli cation of brea dth a nd depth, play i nformation sy stem on enterpris e of Assi stant role ; to perfect da ily run maintena nce operation of records, promote pr oblem reas ons analysi s and system handover; t o strengt heni ng BFS++ , and ERP, a nd S CM, te chnology application of traini ng, impr ove empl oyees a ppli cation information system of capa city and level. H umanisti c care t o ensure "zer o." To strengthe ning H umanitie s care, continues to foster company wi nd clear, a nd ga s are, and heart Shun of culture atm osphere; strengthe ning l ove helpe d trapp ed, care difficult employe es; carried out style activities, ri ch employee s life; strengthe ning health a nd la bour pr otection, organization car eer healt h medi cal, contr ol career agai nst; continues to im plementation psy chologi cal war ning pr evention syst em, traini ng empl oyees health of chara cter, a nd stable of mood and enter prising of attitude, created frie ndly fraternity of H umanit ies envir onment . To strengthen risk ma nagement, ens ure that the business of "zero risk". To strengt hene d busi ness plans manag eme nt, will busines s busi ness plans cover to all level , ensure the business can control in control; t o cl ose concer n financial, a nd coal e lectri c linkage, a nd energy-s aving scheduling , national poli cy trends, stre ngthening track, a ctive s hould; to impleme ntation State -ow ned assets met hod, further spe cificati on busi nes s financial manag ement; to perfect risk t ube control system, a chi eved risk re cog nition, and meas ure, and as sessme nt, and report, and control fee dba ck of cl ose d ring manageme nt, improve risk preventi on capa city. To further standar dize tradi ng, and strive to a chieve "accor ding to la w, sta ndar dize and fair." Innovation of performa nce man agement, to e ns ure that potential empl oyees "zer o fly". To strengt hen pe rformance manageme nt, proces s control, e nha nce employ ee evaluati on a nd level s of effective communicati on to impr ove performa nce ma nagement. To further qua ntify and refin e employe e standards . .. Work, full play part y, and bra nch, and members in "five type Enter prise" constructi on i n the of core role , and fighti ng fortress rol e and pioneer model rol e; to conti nue s to strengtheni ng "four good" leaders hip construction, full play level s cadre s in e nterpris e devel opme nt in the

(4)台模体系适用于现浇无梁楼板施工; (5)早拆模板体系适用于楼板施工; (6)结论:最适合采用大模板与台模结合,或者大模板和早拆模板结合进行施工。 2.答: (1)打桩会对邻*土体挤压,打桩顺序对土体挤压方向,挤压大小,土体隆起高低有重大影响。 (2)打桩顺序不当将造成挤土大,抬桩,桩受力不均匀,邻*区域地面隆起等不利影响。 (3)桩距大于 4 倍桩径时,打桩顺序对土体挤压影响不大。 (4)打桩顺序原则:先深后浅,先大后小,先长后短。 (5)打桩顺序:①逐排打,适于桩距大; ②自中央向四周打,适于桩距小,四周有建筑物; ③分段打,介于以上两者之间。 3 3 3.答: (1)水泥用量 312kg/m 大于 300kg/m ,符合要求; (2)砂率 42%,大于 40%,小于 50%,符合要求; (3)坍落度 130mm,查表,泵送高度 51m 时坍落度应为 140~160mm,坍落度偏小; (4)骨料 5~40mm 连续级配,泵管直径 125mm 时应采用 5~30mm 连续级配,骨料粒径偏大; (5)泵送高度在 50~100m 时,卵石最大粒径与输送管径之比宜在 1:3~1:4,按此计算,卵 石最大粒径宜在 31~41mm,由此判断卵石粒径偏大; 结论:泵送困难的原因主要是骨料粒径偏大和混凝土坍落度偏小。 4.答: (1)该钢筋不宜采用绑扎连接,因为绑扎连接不能保证质量; (2)闪光对焊不能采用,因为闪光对焊用于地面钢筋水*接长; (3)电弧焊不宜采用,因为电弧焊工效低,质量不能保证; (4)电渣压力焊可以采用;因为电渣压力焊可以焊接直径 16~40mm 的Ⅱ级现场竖向钢筋 (5)气压焊不宜采用,因为场地狭窄,不容易保证安全; (6)套筒冷挤压连接可以采用,套筒冷挤压连接适用与带肋钢筋; (7)钢筋锥螺纹连接可以采用,但是工效不如套筒冷挤压连接。 五、计算题: (略)

m 3。 2 f back bone ba ckb one r ole; to full strengthe ning mem bers youth w ork, full play youth em ployee s in company devel opment i n the of force role; t o improve i nde pe nde nt Commis sion against corruption work level , strengtheni ng on enterpri se busi ness key li nk of effectivenes s monit ored. , A nd mai ntain stability. To further strengthen publ icity and educati on, im prove the overall legal system. We must stre ngt hen safety management, esta blis h and improve the education, s upervision, a nd eval uation a s one of the traffic safety manag ement me cha nism. 度 高 设 搭 地 落 为 改 后 填 回 础 基 单 式 诊 急 门 o 次 四 分 , 排 双 挑 悬 用 采 架 手 脚 外 楼 技 医 房 病 together acr oss 2 013 full of challe nges a nd opportunities, to create a green, l ow-cost operation, full of huma ne care of a world -cla ss power ge neration comp any and work hard! The occasi on of the S pring Festival, my sincere wi sh that you and the families of the staff in the ne w year, good health, happy, ha ppy

To cons cienti ously sum up the Ol ympic se curity controls, pr omoting i ntegrated manageme nt to a hig her level, higher sta ndar ds, a higher level of devel opment. Em ployee s, today i s lunar cale ndar on D ecem ber 24, t he ox Bell is a bout t o ring, at thi s time of year, we clearly feel the pul se of the XX pow er generation company to fl ourish, to more clearly hear XX power gen eration compa nies matur e and symmetry breathing . Recalling past one a nother across a raili ng, we are e nthusiasti c and full of confide nce. Future devel opment opportunities, we more exciti ng fight more spirite d.

Employees, let us


相关推荐

最新更新

猜你喜欢